The political gap was particularly large in terms of views on free trade with Mexico. Contrary to a positive view of free trade with Canada, which 79% of Americans called fair trade partners, only 47% of Americans thought that Mexico practiced fair trade. The gap between Democrats and Republicans has widened: 60% of Democrats thought Mexico was fair trade, while only 28% of Republicans did. That was the highest number of Democrats and the lowest figure ever recorded by Republicans in the Chicago Council survey. Republicans had more negative views on Canada than fair trade partners and Democrats.  The former Canada-U.S. free trade treaty was the subject of controversy and controversy in Canada and was presented as a theme in the 1988 Canadian election. In this election, more Canadians voted for the anti-free trade parties (Liberals and New Democrats), but the split of votes between the two parties meant that the pro-free progressive Conservatives (PCs) came out of the polls with the largest number of seats and thus took power. Mulroney and the CPCs had a parliamentary majority and passed the NAFTA bills and bills passed by Canada and the United States in 1987 without any problems. Mulroney was, however, replaced by Kim Campbell as head of the Conservatives and Prime Ministers. Campbell led the PC party in the 1993 election, where they were decimated by the Liberal Party under Jean Chrétien, who campaigned on a promise to renegotiate or abolish NAFTA. Mr. Chrétien then negotiated two additional agreements with Bush, which undermined the LAC consultation process and worked to “quickly follow” the signature before the end of his term, to give up time and to hand over to new President Bill Clinton the necessary ratification and signature of the transposition law.
 Under NAFTA, the three signatories agreed to remove barriers to trade between them. By removing tariffs, NAFTA has increased investment opportunities. The overall effect of the agricultural agreement between Mexico and the United States is controversial. Mexico has not invested in the infrastructure needed for competition, such as efficient railways and highways. This has led to more difficult living conditions for the country`s poor. Mexico`s agricultural exports increased by 9.4% per year between 1994 and 2001, while imports increased by only 6.9% per year over the same period.  NAFTA is often held responsible for things that could not be its fault. In 1999, the Christian Science Monitor wrote about a town in Arkansas that it would “collapse, like so many NAFTA ghost towns that have lost jobs in the needle trade and in production in places like Sri Lanka or Honduras.” Sri Lanka and Honduras are not parties to the agreement. The U.S. record on services trade with Canada is positive: it imported $28.8 billion in 2015 and exported $56.1 billion. Its trade balance is negative – the United States imported $22.6 billion more worth of goods from Canada than it exported in 2017 – but the services trade surplus overshadows the goods trade deficit. The total U.S.
trade surplus with Canada in 2018 was $9.1 billion. For the optimists in Mexico in 1994, NAFTA seemed full of promise. The agreement was indeed a 1988 Canada-U.S. extension. Free trade agreements, and it is the first that has linked an emerging market economy to development. The country has undergone difficult reforms and has begun a transition from the type of one-party economic policy to market orthodoxy. Proponents of NAFTA argued that the economy`s attachment to that of its wealthier northern neighbours would lock these reforms in and stimulate economic growth, ultimately leading to a convergence of living standards between the three economies. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is a treaty of the United States, Canada and Mexico. it came into force on 1 January 1994.