The document or contract may be drawn up by two or more people, one person and one entity or two or more entities. Contracts generally define one party`s obligations with respect to goods or services to another party and are effective only when all have signed the contract. Some contracts require that signatures be certified. However, an act requires an additional execution formality that goes beyond a simple signature. Acts must be written and, as a rule, performed in the presence of a witness, whereas, in the case of a company, an act can be performed effectively by two directors or by a director and by the secretary of the company. Specific formulations should also be included above the signature blocks. It says that a company can execute an agreement by signing one of the two: an example of this type of “executed contract” would be a contract to purchase a large aircraft. This contract is concluded and the aircraft is delivered immediately. An example of a “performance contract” may be a contract with a general contractor for the construction of a house for which work is expected to begin in four months. It is important to understand that, in both cases, once a contract has been signed by all parties, it becomes legal and binding. In a real estate sale agreement, the contracting parties and what each must do to conclude the sale on the date specified in the contract will communicate. Among the most important conditions are those that indicate that the seller must provide a clear title with the type of deed specified in the contract in return for the purchase price indicated. The contract must also contain a legal description of the property.
Information on the type and amount of financing required by the buyer is included, as well as the time frames for inspection, repair, mortgage commitment and presentation of special documents for which the contract is used. Understanding the contractual terms implies understanding the difference between the date of execution of the contract and the actual date of entry into force, if any, in order to avoid confusion in the future. Changes to a contract must be signed in writing and by all parties prior to the amendment. Since an executed contract is a legal document, each party should keep a copy and, if necessary, refer to it in order to fully discharge its obligations.